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All About RTO and Indian RTO Codes

The Regional Transport Office (RTO) is an Indian government organization that is responsible for the management and development of the transport system for various states of India.

The RTO was established under the provisions of section 213(1) of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988. This is a central act which is applicable in all the Indian states. The RTOs are responsible for enforcing various provisions of this act. This Every RTO is headed by the Transport Commissioner.

Every state and city have their own RTO (Regional Transport Office) to effectively manage the transport system in their jurisdiction.  It is the responsibility of every R.T.O to carry out the functions and activities that are mentioned in the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 and ordered by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.

Functions of Regional Transport Office (RTO)

• Implement the provisions of the different actsfor the transport system laid down by the Indian Government from time to time.

• Management of road transport through different kinds of permits

• Collection of fees and taxes as laid down in the provisions of the vehicles act

• Improvement of public transport throughout the country by taking constant development initiatives.

Regional Transport Office (RTO) Services

1. Registration of new and old vehicles

2. Safe driving campaigns in the interest of the public

3. Collection of Motor vehicle tax and excise tax collection

4. Issue driving licenses for public transit and freight traffic

5. Organised and conduct theory and practical driving test

6. Issue Learner (temporary) and Permanent driver’s license

7. Maintain a database of all kinds of registered vehicles

8. Vehicle transfer services

9. Inspection of accidental vehicles

10. Issue fitness certificate to transport vehicles

11. Issue permits to the drivers of public services vehicles like Auto rickshaws and Taxis

12. Issue International driving license

Indian State RTO Codes



Andhra Pradesh


Arunachal Pradesh














Himachal Pradesh


Jammu and Kashmir








Madhya Pradesh




















Tamil Nadu






Uttar Pradesh




West Bengal


Indian Union Territories RTO Codes


RTO Code

Andaman and Nicobar Islands




Dadra and Nagar Haveli


Daman and Diu




National Capital Territory of Delhi




Different Types of RTO Forms You Should Know


The RTOs of a particular state is responsible for issuing the Driving (Sarathi) License. As per the Indian Law, it is illegal to drive a vehicle on the Indian roads without a valid Driving License. In order to get a driving license or a related service, the applicant needs to apply using a specific form. The following forms mentioned below are required for the different driving license processes:

Form 1: Form 1 is a physical fitness declaration form in which you have to confirm and verify that you are fit to drive and are not suffering from any disability or disease which may obstruct your ability to drive.

Form 1A: Form 1 A has details of the results of a medical examination conducted by any state-appointed and certified Doctor.

Form 2: Form 2 is a learner license form that you will need to have before applying for the main driving license. In this, you will need to put details of which type of license you are applying and a class of vehicle. You will also need to fill out other details like personal information, previous license records, contacts details, etc.

Form 4: Form 4 is the main application form for the main license. You will need to fill the form and mention details like the type of license you want two wheelers, four wheelers, commercial, etc.

Form 8: Form 8 is used to add any other type of vehicle to an existing license. Suppose you have a license for two-wheeler but want to license to drive a four-wheeler.

Form 9: The Indian driving license has validity for 20 years or gets expired once you turn 50 years of age. It is recommended to apply for renewal one year prior to the expiry date of the license to ensure the process of having a valid license is not hampered.


It is mandatory to register a new vehicle within a month to legally drive it on Indian roads. Registration of a vehicle is also necessary if you are moving from one state to another permanently. There are different forms for different types of registration. Below mentioned are some which you will require to register your new or old vehicle

Details of the vehicle

Primary application form for registration will include the details of the vehicle like the type of body, category of vehicle, seating capacity, fuel type, engine capacity, etc.

Duplicate copy

If the original RC book gets misplaced or lost then an application can be made for a duplicate registration certificate to the nearest RTO office.

New registration if moving to another State

If the owner of the vehicle moves to another state permanently and takes his/her car then it is mandatory to register the vehicle in that state at the nearest RTO office of his/her residence. The documents which are needed along the form are NOC from Chief RTO officer of the previous RTO, original copy of registration certificate and fitness certificate of the vehicle.

NOC from former RTO

The application form needs to be filled to apply for NOC from your previous RTO when transferring a vehicle from one state to another.

Transfer of Ownership

If you sell the car then you will need to notify the RTO to transfer the ownership by filling a form.

Transfer of ownership due to death of the current owner

If the car ownership dies then you will need to fill a form to transfer the ownership to a person (family member) who is taking the ownership of the vehicle.

Vehicle Registration Process at RTO

      As per the motor vehicles act,1988 it is mandatory to register your motor vehicle in the state of your residence. To successfully register the vehicle the following forms need to be duly filled and submitted at the RTO. The owner will require submitting the supporting documents like car invoice receipts, car insurance, personal details etc and also pay applicable fees/charges at the RTO to get the vehicle registered. The registration process usually takes 4 to 6 weeks and the registration certificate will arrive at the home address of the owner via registered post.

Required Documents to Register Your Vehicle at RTO

Accurately filled Form 20 which is the application form for registration of a vehicle

Sales certificate from the vehicle selling company (Form 21)

Form 22, Form 22- A which is fitness certificate for road given by the manufacturer of the vehicle

Copy of Pan card

Passport size photographs of the purchaser/owner of the vehicle

Invoice copy from dealer/vehicle selling company

Vehicle insurance copy

Address proof copy

Invoice of Registration Fees paid in full

Form 34 if the vehicle has been taken on finance

Documents That a Car Seller Should Give to The Second-hand Car Buyer

The seller should provide the following documents on the sale of the car.

• RC Book
• Insurance
• Form 28
• Form 29
• Form 30 and 35 (If the vehicle is still on finance)
• Sale Invoice
• Insurance transfer form (if

the buyer wants to continue with the same insurance)
It is recommended that the seller should apply for NOC himself/herself and not rely on the buyer. When NOC is applied against the car it is also intimation to the RTO that the car is being sold by the seller. If the vehicle is to be transferred to another state or same state then the vehicle registration process can’t be started without a NOC from previous RTO where the vehicle was registered.


Most frequent questions and answers about RTO

RTO code is a unique two digit alphabet code given to every state RTO. For example, RTO code for Maharashtra is MH, Delhi is DL. It suggests in which state the vehicle is currently registered.

You can check the car history by going on to government website https://vahan.nic.in which has the database of all cars registered in India. You will need to put the vehicle number and verification code to get the details of the car. Alternatively, there are some private company websites which offer one-time free car’s history details.

Yes in India car premium charges are segregated as per the RTO and dependent in which RTO your car is registered, the premium amount may vary.

Yes in India bike premium charges are segregated as per the RTO and dependent in which RTO your bike is registered, the premium amount may vary.

No, the insurance company will not restrict or decline to provide insurance policy to your register vehicle RTO but the charges of insurance premium may vary from one RTO to another.

 You can also avail SMS service by sending a SMS ‘vahan’ followed by the plate number (registration number) of your car/bike to phone number 7738299899. This service will notify the status of your vehicle’s RC transfer

Yes as per the motor vehicle’s act, it is mandatory to register a vehicle in India.

The forms of the vehicle registration can be downloaded online from particular state RTO website. The vehicle will need to produce at the RTO office for verification of details and fitness inspection of the vehicle. Hence the entire procedure cannot be done online.

RTOs list special numbers for vehicle on their website. The vehicle owners can bid for the number and the highest bidder gets the special number for their vehicle.

You can apply for transfer of ownership of vehicle by going on the website https://parivahan.gov.in. Go to online services tab, select the state and then enter your vehicle registration number and further fill the details as required.

Documents required for transfer of ownership of a vehicle
Original RC book

• Form 29
• Form 30
• Form 28
• Residential Proof
• Report of National Crime Records Bureau N.C.R.B (police report
• Valid insurance certificate
• Valid PUC
• Transfer fee

The following are the documents required for RC book change Tax Receipt:
• Current RC Book.
• Valid Insurance certificate.
• Valid PUC.
• Two copies of Address proof
• Fitness certificate in case of commercial vehicles.
• NOC in case of vehicle is registered in other RTO
• Vehicle Permit if applicable.
• Passport size photo
• NOC from financer in case vehicle is on finance
• Copy of Aadhaar Card

It is mandatory for all private vehicles to re-register the vehicle after 15 years for every 5 years as per the Central Motor Vehicle Rules.

The applicant will need to fill and submit the following forms to the nearest RTO office.


  • Duly filled Form 25
  • Original Registration Certificate
  • Valid PUC
  • Valid Insurance Certificate of the vehicle


The Vehicle will be required to be produced before the registering authority for inspection. The owner will need to be pay re-registration fees and upon successful passing of the vehicle, the new registration certificate will be issued by the RTO.